Pi White Paper2

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Tora Pi - beşên Pirtûka Spî ya Nû

Kanûn 2021

Li jêr pêşnûmeya nû ya pêşnûmeyê yePi dabînkirin û kanankirina beşên kaxeza meya spîKanûna Pêşîn a 2021-an hate berdan. Madenkirin dê di qonaxa Mainnet-ê de berdewam bike lê bi rêjeyek madenê ku bi dînamîk di nav peydakirina tixûb de hatî verast kirin. Ji bo bêtir agahdarî, beşên spî yên nû bixwînin ku dinirxînin ka çawa peydakirin û kanan berî Mainnet xebitî û diyar dike ka ew ê çawa û çima li Mainnet biguhezînin. Em jî yên berê hatine berdan diparêzinBeşa nexşeya rêli jêr ji bo referansa. Bersiva we bi xêr hatî berî ku dema ku Tora Vekirî dest pê dike em papirtika fermî ya li ser malpera xwe nûve bikin.


Modela Token û Madenê

Sêwirana tokenê ya baş-hizirkirî û dengdar ji bo serfiraziya tora diravê krîpto krîtîk e. Potansiyela wê heye ku teşwîqan biafirîne da ku damezrandin û mezinbûna torê bootstrap bike, ekosîstemek bikêrhatî ava bike, û bi vî rengî piştgirî bide pereyê krîptoyê ku di binê pergalek wusa de ye. Tiştê ku torgilokek teşwîq dike, li ser tiştê ku torê hewce dike gelek tişt dibêje - mînakî, mezinbûna torê an afirandina karanîna bingehîn-rêveber, tenê depoyek nirxê an navgînek danûstendinê ji bo ekosîstema krîpto. Ev beş peydakirina Pi û çawa Pioneers dikarin Pi di qonaxên cihêreng ên torê de derxînin, û ramana sêwirana bingehîn ji bo mekanîzmayên cûda yên madenê, di nav de avakirina û mezinkirina torê û teşwîqkirina karûbar û daxwazê ​​vedihewîne. Bala xwe bidinê ku Pi pereyê krîptoya yek qat e ku li ser zincîra xweya bloka xwe dixebite, ku li vir "token" jê re vedibêje.

Pi Supply

Vîzyona Pi Networkê ev e ku meriv aboriya peer-to-peer û ezmûna serhêl a herî berfireh a cîhanê ava bike, ku ji hêla Pi, pereyê krîptoyê yê herî berfireh ê cîhanê ve tê bikar anîn, tê hilanîn. Ji bo radestkirina vê vîzyonê, girîng e ku meriv torê mezin bike û dema ku ewlehiya blokê û kêmbûna Pi biparêze, bi berfirehî bigihîje Pi. Digel ku van armancan her gav rêberiya modela peydakirina token û sêwirana madenê kirine, cihêrengiya sereke ev e: qonaxên pêş-Mainnet ku li ser ajotina mezinbûna torê û bi berfirehî belavkirina Pi û qonaxa Mainnet-ê dê balê bikişîne ser xelatkirina formên cihêreng ên beşdariyên Pioneer dema ku çîmento dike. peydakirina Pi.

Pre-Mainnet Supply

Di qonaxên destpêkê de, bala Pi Network li ser mezinbûn û ewlekirina torê bû. Bootstrapping ji bo avakirina girseyek krîtîk a beşdaran ji her torgilok û ekosîstemê re girîng e. Ji hêla vîzyonê ve tê rêve kirin ku Pi bike krîpto-pereyê herî berfireh ê cîhanê, belavkirina Pi û gihîştina wê li seranserê cîhanê bêtir balê li ser mezinbûnê zêde kir. Algorîtmaya lihevhatinê ya Pi xwe dispêre grafek pêbaweriya gerdûnî, ku ji Xalên Ewlekariyê yên Pêşengên takekesî têne berhev kirin. Ji ber vê yekê, pir girîng bû ku pêşengan teşwîq bikin da ku dorhêlên ewlehiyê yên takekesî ava bikin. Ev tê vê wateyê peydakirina nîşanekan ku wekî xelatên madenê peyda dibe ku berî Mainnet bi eşkere nehatibû girtin.

Di heman demê de, domandina hin kêmasiyek Pi girîng bû. Wekî ku di binê beşa Madenê de hate rave kirin, torê mekanîzmayek madenê pejirand ku her carê ku mezinahiya torê 10 qat zêde dibe nîvî dibe, û di encamê de gava ku ew digihîje qonaxên cihêreng ên Pioneers-ê mijûl dibe, mekanîzmayek madenê pejirand. Bûyera nîvco ya din a ku li ser bingeha vê modelê ye dê bibe dema ku tor bigihîje 100 mîlyon Pioneersê mijûl. Niha, em zêdetirî 30 mîlyon Pêşengên mijûl in. Di heman demê de torgilok vebijarkek hilda ku di bûyera ku tor bigihîje mezinahiyek diyarkirî, ya ku hêj nehatibû destnîşankirin, bi tevahî rawestîne. Vebijarka girtina dabînkirina Pi berî Mainnet-ê nehat xebitandin, ji ber vê yekê peydakirina tevahî ne diyar hişt.

Modela peydakirina pêş-Mainnet bi mekanîzmayek madenê ya ku li gorî gihîştîbûn, mezinbûn û ewlehiyê hatî veguheztin, civakek ji zêdetirî 30 mîlyon Pioneers bi mîlyonan Derdorên Ewlekariyê yên bi hev re ve girêdayî ye, bişopîne. Wateyek hêsan û gihîştî ku meriv Pi li ser têlefonek desta hildide, alîkariya belavkirina tokenan li çaraliyê cîhanê kir, di nav de di nav gelên ku ji ber kêmbûna sermaye, zanyarî an teknolojiyê li derveyî şoreşa krîptoyê mane. Bi kirina vê yekê, torê ji kombûna dewlemendiya giran a ku di Bitcoin û diravên din ên krîptoyê de diyar e, dûr ket, xwe amade kir ku bibe ekosîstemek nenavendî ya peer-to-peer ya ku bi hêjmarek têra xwe mezin a beşdar û danûstendinên ji bo afirandina karûbar heye.

Mainnet Supply

Supply fuels growth and incentivizes necessary contributions to the network to achieve an organically viable ecosystem. To that end, mining rewards will continue after Mainnet but will take diverse forms to incentivize different types of contributions, which will be explained in the Mining section below. In regard to supply, the undetermined supply due to the pre-Mainnet mining mechanism that optimizes for accessibility and growth of the network presents a few problems for the Mainnet phase, including unpredictability in planning, over-rewarding and under-rewarding different types of necessary contributions in the new phase, and challenges to scarcity. To address these issues, the network will shift from its pre-Mainnet supply model that is completely dependent on network behavior to the Mainnet supply model where there is a clear maximum supply.

The issue of unpredictability for planning in the pre-Mainnet supply model surfaced in Pi Network’s first COiNVENTION in September-October 2020 where the community panel and community submissions discussed whether mining should be halved or stopped at the network size of 10 million at the time. The diverse voices of community members presented the following dilemma for the network. If mining continued based on the ongoing (pre-Mainnet) mining mechanism, then it raised concerns for the supply due to uncertainty, and thus, the scarcity of Pi. However, if mining stopped, it would hurt the growth of the network and prevent new Pioneers joining the network as miners, thereby undermining the accessibility of Pi. Even though the network moved on from that decision and halved the mining rate at its 10 Million size, this dilemma still remains and needs to be resolved.

Çawa civak dikare bigihîje mezinbûn û gihîştina domdar dema ku fikarên li ser dabînkirinê çareser bike yek ji wan faktorên sereke ye ku di sêwirana modela token Mainnet de tê hesibandin. Digel vê yekê, dabînkirina giştî ya ne diyar û nepêşbînîkirî hebûna plansaziya torê ya tevayî dijwar dike ji ber ku civak wekî kolektîv û ekosîstem bixwe pêdivî ye ku hin Pi ji bo armancên ku ji civak û ekosîstemê bi tevahî sûd werdigirin bikar bînin, ji bilî tenê madenê. xelatên ji bo kesan, wekî ku hema hema her tora blokê ya din diyar dike. Ji bo mebestên civaka kolektîf ên weha pêdivî ye ku veqetandinên zelal bêne diyar kirin. Ji ber vê yekê, ji ber mezinahiya torê ya heyî ya zêdetirî 30 mîlyon Pioneers û qebareya danûstendin û çalakiyan di pêşerojê de, modela peydakirina Mainnet xwedan zelalek eşkere ye.dabînkirina giştî ya herî zêde 100 mîlyar Pirê dide teşwîqkirina mezinbûna domdar û tevkariyên nû di heman demê de ku fikarên li ser nepêşbînbûna peydakirinê radike.

The supply distribution will honor the original distribution principle in the March 14, 2019 white paper—the Pi community has 80% and the Pi Core Team has 20% of the total circulating supply of Pi, regardless of how much circulating supply there is in the Pi Network at any given point in time. Thus, given a total max supply of 100 billion Pi, the community will eventually receive 80 billion Pi and the Core Team will eventually receive 20 billion Pi. The following pie chart depicts the overall distribution. The Core Team’s allocation gets unlocked at the same pace as the community progressively mines more and more Pi and may be subject to additional lockup through a self-imposed mandate. This means that if the community has a portion of its allocation in circulation (for example, 25%), only the proportional amount in Core Team’s allocation (in this example, 25%) can get unlocked at most.

Pi Token supply

Ev belavkirina li jor destnîşan dike ku Tora Pi ji bo ICO-yê veqetandinek nîne û NE her cûre firotana elaletê ya Pi-yê dimeşîne. Ji ber vê yekê, her nepenîtiya Pi Network an damezrînerên wê ji bo pêkanîna firotgehek an navnîşek neqanûnî, bê destûr û sexte ye. Têkiliya wan bi Tîma Pi Core re tune. Divê pêşeng hay ji her sextekariyê hebin û beşdar nebin. Pi bi beşdarbûna ekosîstemê bi serbestî dikare were derxistin. Zêdetir, hemî Pi-ya hatî derxistin tenê dikare ji hundurê Pi App-ê bi navgîniya dashboarda Mainnet-ê ve were îddîa kirin û dûv re veguhezîne berîka xweya Pi. Her malperek ku ji Pioneers dipirse ku Pi bi awayên din îdîa bike derew e.

80% ji dabînkirina civakê wekî din tê dabeş kirin: 65% ji bo hemî xelatên kanan ên Pioneer ên paşîn û paşerojê ve hatî veqetandin, li navnîşana GBQQRIQKS7XLMWTTRM2EPMTRLPUGQJDLEKCGNDIFGTBZG4GL5CHHJI25 li ser Mainnet, 10% dê ji hêla rêxistinek elektrîkî ya ku ji hêla Weqfa elektrîkê ve hatî rêve kirin ve were veqetandin. , rêxistinek neqezenc di pêşerojê de, li navnîşana GDPDSLFVGEPX6FJKGZXSTJCPTSKKAI4KBHBAQCCKQDXISW3S5SJ6MGMS, û 5% ji bo hewza lîkîdîte veqetandiye ku ji bo Pioneers û pêşdebiran di ekosîstema Pi-yê de li navnîşana GBIIB7HBXLN7IIBYBXLXLNSHIIB7HBXLXLNSHIIB7HBXLXLNSH7B7YBXLXLNSH7B7HBXLXLNSH4B7BXLXLNSH7B7BXLXLXLNSH4BHBXLXL. Tabloya jêrîn belavkirina dabînkirina civakê nîşan dide:

Veqetandinên CivakîBelavkirina Civata Pi (Ji 80 Milyar Pi Tevahiya Pêşniyarkirî)
Xelatên Madenê yên Pre-mainnet20 mîlyar Pi (nêzîkî)
Xelatên Madenê Mainnet45 mîlyar Pi (nêzîkî)
rezerva Pool Liquidity5 mîlyar Pi (nêzîkî.)
Rezerva Weqfê (Grant, bûyerên Civatê, hwd.)10 mîlyar Pi (nêzîkî)

65 Milyar Pi dê ji bo hemî xelatên madenê-hem di kana berê û hem jî ya pêşerojê de were veqetandin. Ji bo xelatên madenê yên paşîn, berhevoka hemî Pi ya ku heya nuha ji hêla hemî Pioneers ve hatî derxistin (berî Mainnet) bi qasî 30 Milyar Pi ye. Lêbelê, piştî avêtina Pi-ya ku ji hêla hesabên sexte ve hatî derxistin û li gorî leza û tevlêbûna KYC-ê ve girêdayî ye, Pi-ya pêş-Mainnet-a ku di destpêka Tora Vekirî de hatî derxistin dikare di navbera 10 û 20 Milyar de were texmîn kirin. Mîqdara mayî ya di 65 mîlyar Pi peydakirina xelatên madenê de dê bi navgîniya mekanîzmaya nû ya madenê ya Mainnet-ê bi sînorên dabînkirina salane yên têgihîştî li Pioneers were belavkirin.

Dê sînorên dabînkirina salane yên weha li ser bingeha formulayek kêmbûnê bêne destnîşankirin. Sînorê salane dibe ku li ser bingehek pirtir, wek bi roj an ji hêla serdemek demkî piçûktir ve dînamîkî were hesibandin, li gorî faktorên wekî rêjeya girtinê û peydakirina mayî ya torê di wê demê de. Hesabkirina bi vî rengî ya sînorên peydakirinê li ser bingeha serdemên dema granular dibe alîkar ku di nav demê de kêşeyek veqetandinê çêtir û xweştir bi dest bixe. Ji bo sadebûnê li vir, em texmîn bikin ku serdema demê salane ye. Formula kêmbûnê tê vê wateyê ku sînorê dabînkirina salane ji bo sala yekem a kana Mainnet-a nû dê ji sala duyemîn bilindtir be, sala duyemîn ji sala sêyemîn bilindtir be, û hwd. Formula kêmbûna salane û van jimaran dê hewce bike ku nêzikî destpêkirina heyama Tora Vekirî ya Mainnet-ê were qedandin, gava ku em ê bibînin ka çend Pioneers KYC' kirine û ew çend ji Pi-ya xweya madenê veguhezandiye Mainnet.

Li Mainnet, Pioneers dê ji bo tevkariyên wan ên domdar ên mezinbûn û ewlehiya torê werin xelat kirin. Wekî ku di beşa Madenê de hate rave kirin, xelatên Pioneer dê bêtir cihêreng bibin ji ber ku torê hewceyê beşdariyên cihêreng û kûr ên têkildarî karanîna sepanê, operasyona girêk, û girtina Pi ye. Pêş-mainnet Pioneers dê berdewam bike ku ji xelatên madenê yên Mainnet, digel her endamên nû yên ku tev li torê dibin, beşdarî Pi û min bibin, da ku mezinbûn û dirêjbûna torê misoger bikin.

10 Billion Pi will be reserved for community organization and ecosystem building that will be, in the future, managed by a non-profit foundation. Most decentralized networks or cryptocurrencies, even though they are decentralized, still need an organization to organize the community and set the future direction of the ecosystem, e.g., Ethereum and Stellar. The future Pi foundation will (1) organize and sponsor community events, such as developer conventions, global online events and local community meetings, (2) organize volunteers and committee members, and pay full-time employees who are dedicated to building the community and ecosystem, (3) gather opinions and feedback from the community, (4) organize future community votings, (5) build branding and protect the reputation of the network, (6) represent the network to interact with other business entities including governments, traditional banks, and traditional enterprises, or (7) fulfill any number of responsibilities for the betterness of the Pi community and ecosystem. Further, in order to build a utilities-based Pi ecosystem, various community developer programs will be designed, created and carried out by the foundation to support community developers in the forms of grants, incubations, partnerships, etc.

5 mîlyar Pi dê ji bo hewzên lîkîdîtîteyê were veqetandin da ku ji bo her beşdarên ekosîstemê, tevî pêşdebirên sepanên Pioneers û Pi, jêhatîbûnê peyda bike. Ji bo ku ekosîstemek zindî, çalak û saxlem be, lîkîdît girîng e. Ger karsazî an kes dixwazin beşdarî çalakiyên ekosîstemê bibin (mînak, bi firotin û kirîna mal û karûbaran li Pi), pêdivî ye ku ew bi wextê xwe bigihîjin Pi. Bê lîkîdît, ekosîstem dê xwedan herikîna Pi saxlem nebe, ji ber vê yekê zirarê dide afirandina karûbaran.

Wekî ku di beşa Nexşeya Rê de hatî nîqaş kirin, yek feydeya heyama Tora Girtî ya Mainnet ev e ku destûr bide kalibrasyonên li ser modela tokenê, heke hebe, li ser bingeha encamên destpêkê yên Mainnet. Ji ber vê yekê, modela tokenê berî ku heyama Tora Vekirî dest pê bike, di bin guheztinê de ye. Di heman demê de, di pêşerojê de, ji bo tenduristiya torê û ekosîstemê, dibe ku tor bi pirsên wekî gelo piştî bidawîbûna belavkirina 100 Milyar Pi-yê pêdivî ye ku enflasyonek hebe. Dibe ku enflasyon ji bo bêtir teşwîqkirina tevkariyên bi xelatên zêde yên madenê re, ji ber qeza û mirinê her windabûna Pi-yê ji gerguhêzkirinê, peydakirina zêde lîkîdîbûnê, kêmkirina berhevkirina ku karanîn û çêkirina karûbaran asteng dike, hewce bike, hwd. Wê demê, weqf û komîteyên wê yên di van mijaran de pispor in, wê civakê bi rêxistin bikin û rê bidin ku bi awayekî nemerkezî di derbarê mijarê de bigihêje encamê.


Mekanîzmaya Madenê

Mekanîzmaya madenê ya Pi Tora rê dide Pioneers ku beşdarî mezinbûn, belavkirin û ewlehiya torê bibin û di Pi meritokratîk de werin xelat kirin. Mekanîzmaya madenê ya pêş-Mainnet arîkariya torê kiriye ku bigihîje mezinbûnek berbiçav a zêdetirî 30 mîlyon endamên têkildar, drav û Testnetek bi berfirehî belavkirî, û grafiyek pêbaweriyê ya berhevokên Ewlekariya Ewlekariyê ku dê algorîtmaya lihevhatinê ya zincîra Pi-yê xwar bike.

Li pêşiya qonaxa Mainnet-ê mêze dike, Pi Network hewce dike ku bêtir beşdarî, û her weha cûrbecûr cûrbecûr tevkariyên ji hemî endamên xwe re bike, da ku bibe aboriyek rastîn digel ku mezinbûn û tevlêbûna xwe bidomîne. Di qonaxa Mainnet de, em dixwazin bêtir bi dest bixindesentralîzasyon, bikêrhatî, aramîûdirêjî,ez başimmezinbûn, tevlêbûn, ûewlekarî. Van armancan tenê dikarin bigihîjin ger hemî Pioneers di torê de bi hev re bixebitin. Ji ber vê yekê, mekanîzmaya nû ya madenê Pi ji bo bidestxistina van armancan hatî çêkirin bi teşwîqkirina hemî Pioneers ku li ser bingeha heman prensîba merîtokratîk bi cûrbecûr beşdarî torê bibin. Li jêr, em pêşî formula madenê ya pêş-Mainnet, li dûv guheztinên di formula Mainnet de vedibêjin.

Formula Pre-Mainnet

Formula madenê ya pêş-Mainnet diyardeyek meritokratîk a rêjeya madenê ya demjimêra Pioneer nîşan dide. Pioneers bi aktîvî kolandinê bi kêmî ve rêjeyek hindik werdigirt û ji bo tevkariyên wan di ewlehî û mezinbûna torê de bêtir xelat kirin. Formula jêrîn rêjeya ku Pioneers di saetekê de Pi rijand destnîşan kir:

M = I (B, S) + E (I), ku

  • M rêjeya tevahiya madenê ya Pioneer e,
  • Ez rêjeya madenê bingehîn a Pioneer ya Kesane me,
  • B rêjeya madenê ya bingehîn a pergalê ye,
  • S xelata Devera Ewlekariyê ye, ku hêmanek ji rêjeya madenê ya bingehîn a Pioneer ya ji girêdanên Derdora Ewlekariyê derbasdar e, û
  • E xelata Tîma Referral ji endamên Tîma Referral a çalak e.

Rêjeya madenê ya bingehîn a li seranserê pergalê B wekî 3,1415926 Pi/h dest pê kir û her carê ku tora Pioneers Engaged bi faktorek 10x mezin bû, ji 1000 Pioneers dest pê dike nîvî bû. Wekî ku li jêr hatî navnîş kirin, heya nuha pênc bûyerên nîvco hene:

Engaged Pioneers MilestoneNirxa B (bi Pi/hr, bi du dehjimaran tê dorvekirin)Nirxa I, bi Dora Ewlehiyê ya tam (li Pi/hr, bi du dehjimaran ve hatî giroverkirin*)
< 10003.146.28
1,0001.573.14
10,0000.781.57
100,0000.390.78
1,000,0000.190.39
10,000,0000.100.19

Vir,

  • I(B,S) = B + S(B)
  • S(B) = 0.2 • min(Sc,5) • B, ku
    Sc jimareya girêdanên Derdora Ewlekariyê ya derbasdar e.
  • E(I) = Ec • I(B,S) • 0.25, ku
    Ec jimareya endamên Tîma Referral a çalak e ku hevdemî min dikin.

Formula madenê dikare wekî pirjimarek B jî were nivîsandin:

  • M = I(B,S) + E(I)
  • M = [B + S(B)] + [Ec • I(B,S) • 0.25], an
  • M = [B + {0.2 • min(Sc,5) • B}] + [Ec • 0.25 • {B + {0.2 • min(Sc,5) • B}}], an
  • M = B • [1 + {0.2 • min(Sc,5)} + {Ec • 0.25 • {1 + 0.2 • min(Sc,5)}}], an
  • M = B • [(1 + Ec • 0,25) • {1 + 0,2 • min(Sc,5)}]

Pre-Mainnet Systemwide Rêjeya Madenê Base

Her Pioneer-a çalak bi kêmî ve rêjeya kananeya bingehîn a berfireh (B) wergirt. Ango, heke di formula madenê ya li jor de Sc = 0 û Ec = 0, wê hingê M = B. Di her rewşê de, rêjeya kanan a giştî ya Pioneer pirjimarek rêjeya kanan a bingehîn a pergalê bû. Nirxa B-yê berî Mainnet-ê ji berê ve hatî destnîşankirin, û wekî ku di tabloya jor de tê xuyang kirin, ew tenê pênc carî guherî. Ji ber pêşkeftina dînamîkî ya mekanîzmaya madenê ya pêş-Mainnet-ê peydakirina herî zêde nediyar bû, wek mînak tor çiqas mezin e û tor çiqas zû digihîje bûyera nîvco ya din. Ew ê tenê were destnîşankirin dema ku B dakeve 0. Lêbelê, wekî ku di beşa paşîn de hate rave kirin, nirxa B li Mainnet di wextê rast de tête hesibandin, bi dînamîk ve li ser bingeha tevahî peydakirina salane ya Pi û rêjeya tevheviya madenê ya li seranserê hemî Pioneers tê guheztin. . Pêşkêşkirina Pi li Mainnet dawîn e.

Xelata Circle Ewlekariyê

Algorîtmaya lihevhatinê ya Pi xwe dispêre grafikek pêbaweriya gerdûnî, ku ji bi mîlyonan Derdorên Ewlekariyê yên tevhev ên Pêşengên kesane têne berhev kirin. Bi vî rengî, Pioneerek ji bo her pêwendiyek nû ya Circle Ewlekariyê ya derbasdar, heya 5 girêdanên weha, serê saetekê bi Pi zêde hate xelat kirin. Xalên Ewlekariyê ji bo ewlehiya bloka Pi ew qas navendî ne ku xelata Ewlekariya Ewlekariyê bi du awayan rêjeya tevheviya madenê ya Pioneer zêde kir:

  • bi rasterast zêdekirina rêjeya madenê bingehîn a Pioneer (I), û
  • bi zêdekirina xelata Tîma Referral, heke hebe.

Di rastiyê de, Xalek Ewlekariyê ya bêkêmasî - ango bi kêmî ve pênc girêdanên derbasdar hene - hem rêjeya kananeya bingehîn a Pioneer û hem jî xelata Tîma Referral duqat kir.

Xelata Koma Referral

Pêşeng dikarin kesên din jî vexwînin ku beşdarî Pi Network bibin û Tîmê Referralê ava bikin. Vexwendkar û vexwendkar dabeşek wekhev a xelatên bonusa Tîma Referral parve dikin, yanî 25% zêdebûnek e ji bo rêjeyên madenê bingehîn ên Pioneer yên têkildar, gava ku her du jî bi hev re madenê dikin. Pioneers bi her endamek Tîma Referralê re ku di heman demê de madenê çêdike, serê saetekê bêtir Pi derxistin. Vê xelata Tîma Referral beşdariya Pioneers di mezinbûna torê û belavkirina tokena Pi de nas kir.

Mainnet Formula Madenê

Armancên qonaxa Mainnet ew e ku di nav de pêşkeftinek din çêbibedesentralîzasyonûutilities, misoger bikenehejîûdirêjbûn, û biparêzinzêdebûnîûewlekarî. Formula nû, wekî ku li jêr hatî nivîsandin, tevkariyên cihêreng ên Pioneers teşwîq dike ku piştgiriyê bide van armancên Mainnet û di heman demê de teşwîqên ewlekarî û mezinkirina torê digire. Mîna berê, ew merîtokratîk e û wekî rêjeya ku Pioneers di saetekê de Pi derdixe tê diyar kirin.

M = I(B,L,S) + E(I) + N(I) + A(I) + X(B), ku

  • Mrêjeya tevahiya madenê ya Pioneer e,
  • ezrêjeya madenê bingehîn a Pioneer e,
  • Brêjeya madenê ya bingehîn a li seranserê pergalê ye (li ser bingeha hewza berdest a Pi ya ku ji bo heyamek diyarkirî hatî dabeş kirin hatî sererast kirin),
  • Lxelata girtinê ye, ku hêmanek nû ya rêjeya madenê bingehîn a Pioneer-ê ye,
  • Sxelata Derdora Ewlekariyê ye, ku hêmanek ji rêjeya madenê ya bingehîn a Pioneer ji girêdanên Derdora Ewlekariyê yên derbasdar e, bi heman awayê ku di formula madenê ya pêş-Mainnet de ye,
  • Exelata Tîma Referralê ya ji endamên Tîma Referral a çalak e bi heman rengî ku di formula madenê ya pêş-Mainnet de ye,
  • Nxelata Node ye,
  • YEKxelata karanîna sepanên Pi ye, û
  • Xcelebên nû yên tevkariyê ne ku di pêşerojê de ji bo ekosîstema torê hewce ne, ku dê paşê bêne diyar kirin, lê di heman demê de dê wekî pirjimarek B jî were sêwirandin.

Bi kurtasî, S û E wekî di formula madenê ya pêş-Mainnet de heman dimînin, dema ku xelatên nû yên wekî L, N û A li formula heyî hatine zêdekirin. L wekî beşek ji I tê zêdekirin; N û A wekî xelatên din ên ku li ser bingeha I-yê têne hesibandin têne zêdekirin. Bi gotinek din, torê hîn jî xelat dikezêdebûnîbi rêya E ûewlekarîbi riya S, dema ku tevkariyên Pioneers ji bo xebitandina girêkan ji bo teşwîq dikedesentralîzasyonbi rêya N, bikaranîna apps ji boutilitiesafirandin bi rêya A, û ​​girtina ji bonehejînemaze di salên destpêkê de bi riya L. Zêdetir, celebên nû yên xelatan ji Pioneers bi X-ê re di pêşerojê de dikarin werin zêdekirin ji bo avakirina ekosîstemek bi tevahî bikêrhatî, wek xelatên ji bo pêşdebirên Pioneer ku sepanên Pi serfiraz diafirînin. B di heyamek dirêj de hebûna xwe di heman demê de ku xwedan kapek salane ye ku piştrast dike hebûna xwe berdewam dikedirêjbûnmezinbûna torê dema ku kêmbûnê diparêze. Di rastiyê de, hemî xelat dikarin di B-ya jêrîn de bêne diyar kirin.

Vir,

  • I(B,L,S) = B + S(B) + L(B)
  • S(B) = 0.2 • min(Sc,5) • B, ku
    Sc jimareya girêdanên Derdora Ewlekariyê ya derbasdar e.
  • E(I) = Ec • 0.25 • I(B,L,S), ku
    Ec hejmara endamên Tîma Referral a çalak e.
  • L(B) = Lt • Lp • log(N) • B, ku
    Lt pirjimarek e ku bi dirêjahiya qefilandinê re têkildar e,
    Lp rêjeya Pi-ya Pioneer-ê ya li ser Mainnetê ye ku herî zêde 200% girtî ye, û
    N jimara giştî ya danişînên madenê yên Pioneer-ê yên berî danişîna madenê ya heyî ye.
  • N(I) = node_factor • tuning_factor • I, ku
    Node_factor= Percent_uptime_last_1_days • (Uptime_factor + Port_open_factor + CPU_factor), ku

    Uptime_factor= (Percent_uptime_last_90_days + 1,5*Percent_uptime_last_360_days(360-90) + 2* Percent_uptime_last_2_sals + 3*Percent_uptime_last_10_years),
    Port_open_factor= 1 + percent_ports_open_last_90_days + 1,5*percent_ports_open_last_360_days + 2*percent_ports_open_last_2_years + 3*percent_ports_open_last_10_years,
    CPU_factor= (1 + avg_CPU_count_last_90_days + 1,5*avg_CPU_count_last_360_days + 2* avg_CPU_count_last_2_sals + 3*avg_CPU_count_last_10_sals)/4.

    Percent_uptime_last_*_roj/salji sedî * serdema paşîn e ku Nodeya ferdî ji hêla torê ve zindî û gihîştî bû.
    sedî_ports_open_last_*_roj/sal is the percentage of the last * time period when the ports of the individual Node were open for connectivity to the network.
    avg_CPU_count_last_*_days/years is the average CPU that the individual Node provided to the network during the last * time period.
    tuning_factor is a statistical factor that normalizes the node_factor to a number between 0 and 10.
  • A (I)* =
    log [
    Σ_across_apps {
    log(time_spent_per_app_yesterday_in_seconds)
    }
    ] •
    log [ log(
       0.8 • avg_daily_time_across_apps_last_30_days +
       0.6 • avg_daily_time_across_apps_last_90_days +
       0.4 • avg_daily_time_across_apps_last_180_days +
       0.2 • avg_daily_time_across_apps_last_1_year +
       0.1 • avg_daily_time_across_apps_last_2_year
    ) ] • I

    time_spent_per_app_yesterday_in_seconds is, for each Pi app, the total amount of time in seconds that the Pioneer spends using the app on the prior day.
    Σ_across_apps sums up the logarithmic value of the Pioneer’s time_spent_per_app_yesterday_in_seconds across all the Pi apps.
    avg_daily_time_across_apps_last_* is the average daily time in seconds the Pioneer spends across all the Pi apps in the aggregate during the last * time period.

    * Note that when any of the logarithmic functions returns an undefined value or a value below 0 (that is, when, the input to the logarithmic function is below 1), the formula resets the value of the logarithmic function to be 0 in order to avoid negative mining rewards or an error in the function.
  • X(B) dê di pêşerojê de li ser bingeha celebên nû yên beşdariyê were destnîşankirin, lê dê pirjimarek B be û digel xelatên din di nav sînorê dabînkirina salane de bimîne.

Wekî ku li jor hatî destnîşan kirin, bêjeyên S û E wekî di formula madenê ya pêş-Mainnet de dimîne, û dê li vir bêtir neyê rave kirin. Dûv re, em ê li ser ravekirina guheztinên B, guheztinên I bi L, û lêzêdekirina N û A-yê bisekinin.

Rêjeya Madenê ya Bingeha Sîstemê

Mîna di madena Pre-Mainnet de, hemî şertên di formula madena Mainnet a li jor de dikarin di demjimêrê de bi Pi-yê bêne diyar kirin û wekî pirjimarek B-yê têne sêwirandin. Ji ber vê yekê, hevkêşî dikare wekî jêrîn jî ji nû ve were nivîsandin. Her Pioneer dikare bi kêmanî Rêjeya Madenê ya Bingehîn a Systemwide rojane derxe, û dê bikaribe bi rêjeyek bilindtir kanan bike ger celebên din ên beşdariyê jî hebin ku wekî pirjimarên B têne hesibandin.

M = B • (1 + S + L) • (1 + N + E + A + X)

Berevajî kanankirina pêş-Mainnet, B di madenê Mainnet de wekî di formula li jor de êdî di nav hemî Pioneers de di xalek diyarkirî de ne domdar e, lê di wextê rast de tête hesibandin û bi dînamîk ve li ser bingeha kepek peydakirina salane tê guheztin.

Ji ber ku sînorek peydakirina salane tê dayîn, ne mimkûn e ku meriv B-ya domdar mîna di heyama pêş-Mainnet-ê de bimîne ji ber ku nayê pêşbînîkirin ka her Pioneer di heyamekê de çiqas kanan û çend Pioneer bi aktîvî madenê dikişîne. Modela pêş-Mainnet ji bo teşwîqkirina mezinbûnê di salên destpêkê de ji bo bootstrapkirina torê hate çêkirin. Ji ber ku tora pîvanek diyarkirî digihîje, ew jî hewce dike ku tenduristiya giştî ya ekosîstema misoger bike. Ji ber vê yekê, weşandina berbiçav a nîşanan bi mezinbûna torê ya berbiçav û rêjeyek mayînde ya domdar êdî wate nake. Veguheztina B ji domdarbûnê ber bi dînamîk ve hatî verast kirin di seranserê salê de ji hewcedariya teşwîqkirina tevkariyên Pioneers bi meritokratîk pêk tê, lê di heman demê de girtina xelatên tevahî di nav sînorek de.

Ji ber vê yekê, ji bo çareserkirina pirsgirêka sînorê salane di heman demê de ku ji bo kesê ku Pi mîn kiriye dadperwerî were peyda kirin, B-ya rojek diyarkirî ya salê wekî jêrîn tê hesibandin. Li vir rojek wekî 24 demjimêrên paşîn tê pênase kirin berî gava ku Pioneer dest bi danişînek nû ya madenê dike. Ji ber vê yekê, Pioneersên cihêreng dê li gorî dema xweya madenê rojên hinekî cûda hebin, û bi vî rengî, potansiyel B-yek hinekî cûda li ser bingeha hesabê jêrîn. Her Pioneer's B-ya roja xwe di nav danişîna xweya madenê de domdar dimîne, ango di 24 demjimêrên pêş de ji gava ku ew dest bi danişîna xweya madenê dikin. B bi vî rengî tê hesibandin:

  • Pîvana giştî ya mayî ya salê bi hejmara rojên ku di salê de mane dabeş bikin da ku li ser bingeha peydakirina salane ya mayî day_supply bistînin,
  • pirjimarên B-yê ji hemî Pioneers ku di 24 demjimêrên dawîn de bi aktîvî kanan dikin, ku komek cihêreng ji beşdariyên Pioneers temsîl dike, li formula Mainnet-ê ya li jor zêde bikin da ku ji bo wê pencereya 24-saetan sum_of_B_pirjimara tevaya torê bistînin, û
  • bêtir day_supply bi sum_of_B_multiples û 24 demjimêran dabeş bikin da ku B-ya wê danişîna madenê ya taybetî bistînin.

Ji ber vê yekê, ji bo rojek diyarkirî ya salê,
B = dabînkirina_rojan / (berhevbûna_B_pirjimar • 24h)

Di bin vê çarçoveyê de, B di rojên cûda yên salê de dê cûda be, li gorî ka çend Pioneers di 24 demjimêrên dawîn de mayin kirine û hem jî ji bo wergirtina pirjimarên B-ya zêde bi xebitandina girêkan, bi karanîna sepanên karûbar an jî kilîtkirin, hwd. Ev model di heman demê de her nezelaliyek bi hebûna X(B) - celebên pêşerojê yên xelatên beşdariyê ji bo Pioneers- di formula de çareser dike. Tevî ku X dê çiqas be, ew ê di heman sînorê dabînkirina salane de bê zêdekirina dabînkirina tevahî were girtin û dê tenê bandorê li dabeşkirina xelatan di nav cûrbecûr beşdariyan de bike. Ev mekanîzmaya dînamîkî dihêle ku Pioneers bixwe, bi rengek nenavendî, pê ewle bin ku (1) xelat ji sînorê peydakirina salane derbas nakin, (2) belavkirina peydakirina salane di destpêka salê de bi dawî nabe, û (3) xelat bi meritokratîk têne dabeş kirin.

Ji bo mebestên nîgarkirinê, em bihesibînin ku di rojek diyar de tenê du Pioneer hene û B rêjeya madenê ye (ji bo vê nîgarê bi Pi/roj tê îfade kirin) - domdarek di dema danişîna madenê ya Pioneer de, lê bi awayekî dînamîkî di rojên cûda de tê sererast kirin:

Pioneer 1 ne tevlêbûna sepanê ye (A=0), ne Nodek kar dike (N=0), ne girêdanên ewlehiyê hene (S=0), hem jî endamên Tîma Referralê ya çalak tune (E=0). Ew di danişîna xweya 11emîn a madenê de ne (N=10) û 100% ji Pi-ya xweya madenê (Lp=1) ji bo 3 salan girtî ne (Lt=2). Rêjeya madenê ya Pioneer 1 di vê rojê de ev e:

  • M1 = I(B,L,S) + 0 + 0 + 0, an
  • M1 = B + {2 • 1 • log(10)} • B + 0, an
  • M1 = 3B

Pioneer 2 ne tevlêbûna sepanê ye (A=0), ne Node xebitîne (N=0), ne girtî ye (L=0), hem jî endamên Tîma Referralê ya çalak tune (E=0). Ew dorhêlek Ewlekariyê ya tevahî heye. Rêjeya madenê ya Pioneer 2 di vê rojê de ev e:

  • M2 = I(B,L,S) + 0 + 0 + 0, an
  • M2 = B + 0 + {0.2 • min(Sc,5) • B}, an
  • M2 = B + {0.2 • 5 • B}, an
  • M2 = 2B

Li vir, Total Pi ku di vê rojê de di tevahiya torê de were derxistin = M1 + M2 = 5B Werin em texmîn bikin ku di salê de 500 Pi û 50 roj mane.
Ji ber vê yekê, Total Pi heye ku ji bo vê rojê were derxistin = 500 Pi / 50 roj = 10 Pi / roj

Çareserkirina B li ser bingeha du hevkêşeyên jorîn,

  • 5B=10 Pi ⇒ B = 2 Pi/roj (an 0,083 Pi/saet)

Li gorî vê yekê, Pioneers 1 û 2 dê rêjeyên xweyên madenê yên rastîn wiha bin:

  • M1 = 3 • 2 Pi/roj = 6 Pi/roj (an 0,25 Pi/saet)
  • M2 = 2 • 2 Pi/roj = 4 Pi/roj (an 0,17 Pi/saet)

rêjeya Pioneer Base Madenê

Ji hêla berhevdanê ve, rêjeya kanankirina bingehîn a Pioneer-a kesane ya di formula madenê ya pêş-Mainnet de tenê rêjeya madenê ya bingehîn a li seranserê pergalê û xelatên Circle Ewlekariyê vedigire. Li Mainnet, hêmanek nû, xelata girtinê, li rêjeya madenê I-yê bingehîn a Pioneer tê zêdekirin. Xelatên Lockup L, ligel rêjeya madenê bingehîn a li seranserê pergalê B û xelata Circle Ewlekariyê S, rêjeya madenê bingehîn a Pioneer I pêk tîne. Ez wekî têketinek ji bo hesabkirina hemî xelatên din tê bikar anîn, di encamê de, Xelatên Circle Ewlekariyê û qefilandin rêjeya tevheviya madenê ya Pioneer zêde dike bi: (1) bi rasterast zêdekirina li rêjeya bingehîn a bingehîn a Pioneer û (2) bi zêdekirina xelata her Tîma Referral E, xelata girêkan N, û xelata karanîna sepanê A.

Xelata Lockup

Li Mainnet, xelata qefilandinê ji bo piştgirîkirina ekosîstemek saxlem û xweş e û teşwîqkirina tevlêbûna dirêj-dirêj a bi torê re ye, dema ku tor aboriyê dişoxilîne û daxwazan diafirîne. Ew mekanîzmayek makroekonomîkî ya nenavendîkirî ya girîng e ku peydakirina gerguhêz li sûkê nerm bike, nemaze di salên destpêkê yên bazara vekirî de dema ku kargêr têne afirandin. Yek armanca girîng a Pi Tora afirandina ekosîstema serîlêdanan-based-karsaz e. Danûstandinên ji bo mal û karûbarên rastîn ên di ekosîstemê de, ji bilî bazirganiya spekulatîf, ji bo destnîşankirina karanîna Pi ye. Gava ku em qonaxa Tora Girtî ya Mainnet dest pê dikin, yek ji deverên sereke yên balê dê piştgirî û mezinkirina civata pêşdebirên sepana Pi be û mezinbûna bêtir sepanên Pi-yê mezin bike. Di vê navberê de, Pioneers dikarin hilbijêrin ku Pi-ya xwe kilît bikin da ku ji bo mezinbûna ekosîstemê û ji bo ku bêtir sepanên Pi derkevin holê û ji bo xerckirina Pi-yê dozên karanîna mecbûrî peyda bikin - ji bo ku di dawiyê de bi navgîniya karûbaran de daxwazên organîk biafirînin, bikin alîkar ku Pi-ya xwe kilît bikin.

Formula xelata girtinê li vir ji nû ve tê çap kirin:

L(B) = Lt • Lp • log(N) • B, ku
LtyePirjimara dema dema girtinêya B.

  • 0 → Lt = 0
  • 2 hefte → Lt = 0.1
  • 6 meh → Lt = 0,5
  • 1 sal → Lt = 1
  • 3 sal → Lt = 2

LpyePirjimara Ji sedî Lockupya B, ku
Sedê Qefilandinê mîqdara qefilandinê ye li ser Balansa Mainnetê ya ku ji xelatên madenê yên berê (Lb) hatî veguheztin, ûPirjimara Ji sedî Lockupwiha ye.

  • 0% → Lp = 0
  • 25% → Lp = 0,25
  • 50% → Lp = 0,5
  • 90% → Lp = 0,9
  • 100% → Lp = 1.0
  • 150% → Lp = 1,5
  • 200% → Lp = 2

têketin(N)nirxa logarîtmîkî ya hejmara giştî ya danişînên madenê yên berê ye (N).

Pêşeng dê xwedî fersendê bin ku bi dilxwazî ​​Pi xwe kilît bikin da ku bi rêjeyek bilindtir mafê kolandinê bi dest bixin. Berî her tiştî, şertê xelata qefilandinê ev e ku divê Pioneer bi rengek çalak mêtînger be. Di rêza yekem de bêyî kanan, dê ji bo danişînên madenê yên neçalak xelatên girtinê tune be, hetta ku Pi girtî be. Wekî ku di formula li jor de hatî destnîşan kirin, ya ku qefilandin dike ev e ku pirjimarkeran ji B re peyda bike, ji ber vê yekê heke B 0 be xelatên girtinê tune (ku tê vê wateyê ku Pioneers ne madenê ye).

Ya duduyan, xelata qefilandinê bi tevkariya di qefilandinê de, ango dirêjahiya dema qefilandinê (Lt) û mîqdara girtî ve bi erênî ve girêdayî ye. Lêbelê mîqdara qefilandinê ji sedî Pioneer-a tevahî Pi-ya ku hatî derxistin (Lp) tê hesibandin. Pi-ya herî zêde ya ku Pioneer dikare kilît bike du qat ji Balansa Mainnet-a wan e ku ji kana xweya berê di sepana mobîl (Lb) de hatî veguheztin, ango 200% Lb. Sedemên ku 2X mîqdara kilîtkirina herî zêde ya Balansa Mainnet-ê ya veguheztî (Lb) heye ev in ku 1) pêşî li îstismarkirina xelata qefilandinê bigire û 2) bêtir teşwîqkirina tevkariyên din ên ji ekosîstema Pi re, wek mînak zêdekirina kanên wan, xebitandina girêkan û karanîna wan. apps. Ev, bi wateyekê, Pêşengên ku min dikin û celebên din ên tevkariyê li torê dikin, dike.

Thirdly, Log(N) offers a higher lockup incentive to Pioneers who have a long mining history and presumably a large transferable balance to lock up. While the lockup reward formula generally favors equality by accounting for not the absolute amount but the percentage of their transferred balance (Lp) — which allows smaller accounts with a short mining history to lock up small amounts and yet receive the same lockup reward multiplier as big accounts — we need to add a Log(N) factor that accounts for miners with a long mining history, to counterbalance the bias in favor of Pioneers with small balances and provide enough incentive for long-history Pioneers with bigger balances. However, the effect of mining history on lockup rewards also needs to be capped. Thus, the formula applies a logarithm to the number of previous mining sessions N. For example, if a Pioneer mined almost everyday for the last 3 years, their total previous mining sessions (N) will be about 1,000. In this scenario, Log(1,000) equals 3, adding another multiplier to B in their lockup rewards. Keep in mind that to achieve meaningful lockup rewards for long-mining-history Pioneers, the amount of Pi they have to lock up is much more than smaller accounts.

Fourthly, one Pioneer can voluntarily have multiple lockups at different times with different amounts and durations. The calculation of the total lockup rewards for this Pioneer with i number of different lockups is to find the total lockcup reward multiplier of B, as expressed in the formula below. The formula below is the equivalent to the lockup reward formula above, with the only difference being that it accounts for multiple lockups of the same Pioneer to calculate their total lockup rewards, e.g. different durations Lti) and different amounts Lci) of each lockup at different time:

supply

The purpose of this formula is to calculate the total lockup rewards based proportionally on each lockup’s amount (Lc) over the total Mainnet Balance from previous mining (Lb) as a weight, multiplied by their respective lockup time period (Lt) and Log(n). So that, even though there are multiple lockups of the same Pioneer, more lockups with different settings will proportionally add to their total lockup rewards. The values of Lt, Lc, and log(N) are calculated and multiplied for each lockup i and then summed across various i’s, which is then divided by the value of Lb at a given mining session, to arrive at the value of L(B) for that mining session. This formula ensures that regardless of the Lb, as long as the Pioneer maintains the same percentage of their lockup amount over their Lb, the total lockup rewards multiplier will remain the same.

Lastly, when can a Pioneer lock up Pi? Pioneers can decide their lockup duration and lockup percentage of their transferable balance anytime they want as an overall account setting in the Pi app. They can even preselect these settings before they’re KYC’ed or ready to migrate to the Mainnet. As they and their Referral Team/Security Circle pass KYC, more of their Mobile Balance will become transferable. At the moment of the migration of their Transferable Balance to Mainnet, their preselected setting of lockup duration and percentage will automatically apply to the amount of balance transferred, resulting in two types of balances on the Mainnet: lockup balance and free balance, both of which will be recorded on the Mainnet blockchain and reside in the Pioneer’s non-custodial Pi wallet. Thus, lockups cannot be reversed once confirmed and must remain locked up for the entirety of the chosen duration due to the nature of blockchain. Any changes to this Pioneer’s lockup setting will take effect in their next balance transfer to the Mainnet.

This account-wide lockup setting allows Pioneers to lock up a maximum of 100% of their transferable balance from mobile to Mainnet. After Mainnet launches and Pioneers transfer their balances, Pioneers can also lock up more Pi directly on the Mainnet through a slightly different lockup interface later on. At that time, Pioneers can lock up as much as 200% of their already-transferred Mainnet balance acquired from their previous mining. The additional lockup allowance for more Pi than individually mined by the Pioneer can come from utility-based Pi apps transactions, i.e., making Pi from selling goods and services.

App Usage Reward

An overarching goal of the Pi Network is to build an inclusive peer-to-peer economy and online experience fueled by the Pi cryptocurrency through our app ecosystem. Therefore, Pioneers will have additional mining rewards for using Pi apps on the Pi apps platform through the Pi Browser, including ecosystem apps and third-party apps in the Pi Directory. The app usage reward for Pioneers helps the ecosystem in two ways.

First, it will give Pi app developers market access and increased impressions of their apps. Pi app developers will gain usage and product iteration opportunities from Pioneers, which has been one of the biggest barriers to creating viable decentralized applications in the blockchain industry. Decentralized application (dApp) developers do not yet have a plentiful, stable, and utility-seeking consumer market environment to test and hone their consumer products to create consumer utilities. Pi Network’s apps platform and the app usage reward are meant to provide that environment for dApp developers.

Second, the increased impressions and usage will potentially lead to increased spending of Pi by Pioneers in the Pi apps, thus increasing utility-based Pi demand in the market. Even though the impressions are incentivized through the app usage reward, the spending of Pi is not. This means that the Pi app usage reward to Pioneers helps the Pi app developers to the extent that Pioneers are at their door. Now what determines whether Pioneers will actually stay and spend Pi in their apps is how useful and engaging their products are and what values the apps can provide for Pioneers. This framework ensures that, for the purpose of Pi demand creation, organic market forces are at work that allow apps to compete on the basis of product quality and utility, ultimately allowing the best apps to emerge and stay in the market and generate real utilities and even more Pi demands.

Through the above two mechanisms, the app usage reward aims to achieve the gradual transition from extrinsic incentives to intrinsic motivations among Pioneers visiting Pi apps, and thus the transition from incentivized to organic usage of Pi apps in order to ultimately bootstrap a utility-based ecosystem of apps using Pi.

The app usage reward formula is reprinted here:

A (I)* =
log [ Σ_across_apps { log(time_spent_per_app_yesterday_in_seconds) } ] • log [ log(    0.8 • avg_daily_time_across_apps_last_30_days +    0.6 • avg_daily_time_across_apps_last_90_days +    0.4 • avg_daily_time_across_apps_last_180_days +    0.2 • avg_daily_time_across_apps_last_1_year +    0.1 • avg_daily_time_across_apps_last_2_year ) ] • I

time_spent_per_app_yesterday_in_seconds is, for each Pi app, the total amount of time in seconds that the Pioneer spends using the app on the prior day.
Σ_across_apps sums up the logarithmic value of the Pioneer’s time_spent_per_app_yesterday_in_seconds across all the Pi apps.
avg_daily_time_across_apps_last_* is the average daily time in seconds the Pioneer spends across all the Pi apps in the aggregate during the last * time period.

* Note that when any of the logarithmic functions returns an undefined value or a value below 0 (that is, when, the input to the logarithmic function is below 1), the formula resets the value of the logarithmic function to be 0 in order to avoid negative mining rewards or an error in the function.

Generally, the app usage reward formula takes into account two factors: time spent in apps and the number of apps used while crediting the history of app usage in the long term and capping the rewards to avoid exploitation. There are two main parts to the formula. The first part aggregates a Pioneer’s time spent across each app in the last mining session (i.e., in the previous day). The logarithmic function provides a positive function with diminishing returns, meaning that an increase in time spent on any one app will generally increase the rewards, but the positive effect of time spent on rewards decreases as more time is spent. This setup encourages Pioneers to generally spend more time on multiple diverse apps, helping the network to bootstrap the creation of diverse utilities. At the same time, it caps the rewards to prevent users from exploiting this reward by artificially keeping the apps open all day, which would not meaningfully contribute to utilities creation.

The second part of the app usage reward formula looks at a Pioneer’s rolling average of daily time spent across all apps in various time periods. The further back the time period goes, the less it is weighted. In other words, a Pioneer mines more Pi the longer they have been using the Pi apps, but their recent time spent on the apps counts more toward mining than their previous time spent further back in the past. In addition, as a matter of fact, the app usage history takes effect on the current mining reward only if the Pioneer also used Pi apps during their last mining session. This means that there is no passive reward for only the past usage. Once again, the use of logarithmic functions helps moderate the mining boost from app usage to avoid exploitation of the app usage reward. A noteworthy implication here is that Pi chat moderators who have been helping to guide Pioneers and monitor undesirable activities on Pi chats over the last two years will mine the app usage reward at a higher rate when the Mainnet launches.

Node Reward

Like on any blockchain, Nodes are at the heart of the decentralization of Pi. In Pi, instead of relying on centralized institutional nodes, we decided to open up the Nodes to any Pioneer with a computer connected to the internet. Aided by the global trust graph aggregated from individual Pioneer’s Security Circles from the mobile app, these Nodes will run the consensus algorithm to validate transactions and process blocks. Because the Nodes are critical to the decentralization, security, and longevity of the Pi blockchain, Node-operating Pioneers will receive additional mining rewards.

The node reward formula is reprinted here:

  • N(I) = node_factor • tuning_factor • I, ku
    Node_factor= Percent_uptime_last_1_days • (Uptime_factor + Port_open_factor + CPU_factor), ku
    Uptime_factor= (Percent_uptime_last_90_days + 1,5*Percent_uptime_last_360_days(360-90) + 2* Percent_uptime_last_2_sals + 3*Percent_uptime_last_10_years),
    Port_open_factor= 1 + percent_ports_open_last_90_days + 1,5*percent_ports_open_last_360_days + 2*percent_ports_open_last_2_years + 3*percent_ports_open_last_10_years,
    CPU_factor= (1 + avg_CPU_count_last_90_days + 1,5*avg_CPU_count_last_360_days + 2* avg_CPU_count_last_2_sals + 3*avg_CPU_count_last_10_sals)/4.
    Percent_uptime_last_*_roj/salji sedî * serdema paşîn e ku Nodeya ferdî ji hêla torê ve zindî û gihîştî bû.
    sedî_ports_open_last_*_roj/sal is the percentage of the last * time period when the ports of the individual Node were open for connectivity to the network.
    avg_CPU_count_last_*_days/years is the average CPU that the individual Node provided to the network during the last * time period. tuning_factor is a statistical factor that normalizes the node_factor to a number between 0 and 10.

The node reward depends on the uptime factor, port open factor, CPU factor, and the tuning factor. The uptime factor of a Node for a given period of time is the proportion of time the Node is active during that period. For example, a 25% uptime factor yesterday means that the Node was live and accessible for a total of 6 out of 24 hours yesterday. The Pi Node software tracks the time a particular Node is active. Starting in the Open Network phase, only a Node running functionally at a given point in time is considered active. This is a proxy for the reliability of the Node. However, for the historical data relevant to the mining reward, a Node is considered active if the Node app is open and connected to the internet even if it is not running functionally. This exemption for the past performance recognizes that the Community Node operators running the Testnet provided the network with important data and infrastructure to enable multiple iterations of the Node software and Testnet, and that it was not always the fault of the Node operator that their Nodes were inoperative.

The port open factor of a Node for a given period of time is the proportion of time the Node’s specific ports are detected to be accessible from the Internet during that period. Pi Nodes use ports 31400 through 31409, enabling other nodes to reach them through these ports and the network IP address. An open-port Node is able to respond to communications initiated by other Nodes, while closed-port Nodes are not able to receive such communications from other Nodes and can only initiate communications. Pi’s consensus protocol relies on Nodes sending a series of messages among each other. Therefore, open-port Nodes are critical to the operation of the Pi blockchain, and thus, worthy of a mining reward boost. In fact, the network aims to have at least 1/8th of the Nodes with open ports, and having an open port is one of the prerequisites for being a Super Node.

The CPU factor of a Node for a given period of time is the average number of CPU cores/threads available on the computer during that period. A higher CPU factor prepares the blockchain for future scalability, for example, the ability to process more transactions per block or more transactions per second. The Pi blockchain is not an energy and resource-intensive blockchain. The network is initially set to operate at one new block of up to 1,000 transactions (T) about every 5 seconds. Thus the network is effectively capable of processing up to about 200 transactions per second (TPS) or ~17M T/day. Should the blockchain get congested in the future, this limit can be increased to 2,000 TPS (~170M T/day) by increasing the block size from 1000 to 10,000 transactions per block. The higher the CPU contributed by Pi Nodes, the more room the network will have to grow and scale further in the future. Furthermore, higher collective CPU from Pi Nodes will allow novel peer-to-peer node-based applications to be built on Pi Network, such as decentralized CPU sharing applications that let computing power-intensive applications run or provide distributed cloud services. Such services will be further rewarding contributing nodes with additional Pi paid by the clients of those services.

Finally, a tuning factor normalizes the Node reward to a number between 0 and 10. This is meant to make Node rewards comparable to other types of mining rewards that recognize other contributions to Pi Network. During the Enclosed Mainnet phase (as explained in the Roadmap section), the Node reward formula is expected to iterate. For example, the use of logarithmic or root functions may potentially obviate the need for a tuning factor.

Having reliable Nodes running predictably over a long stretch of time is critical to the health of the blockchain. It is not a one and done contribution. Therefore, the uptime factor, port open factor, and the CPU factor are all calculated over varying time periods, where the value from more recent time periods are more heavily weighted than the time periods of equal lengths from a more distant past. Note, however, that the Node reward is a multiple of the uptime factor of the previous mining session. Hence, a Pioneer will not receive any Node reward in a given mining session if their Node was inactive for the entirety of the immediately preceding calendar day. Similar to the app usage reward, there is no passive reward for only the past contribution as a Node operator. This also means that a low uptime factor in the previous calendar day (even if the Node is active for a part of the day) will substantially reduce the Node reward in a given day despite high past Node contributions.

The Effect of KYC on Mainnet rewards

There will be a rolling grace period of six calendar months for a Pioneer to complete KYC. Thereafter, the Pioneer loses all the Pi mined outside of the rolling 6-month window and is unable to transfer the lost Pi to the Mainnet. The retention of the mined Pi in the 6-month window continues indefinitely until they pass KYC or the KYC policy changes. Note that this KYC-window mining framework will only begin when the KYC solution is generally available to all eligible Pioneers in the future, and will be announced to the community beforehand. The six-month restriction will not be immediately in place yet when we launch the Mainnet.

Because of the importance of true humanness in our social network-based mining, only the Pioneers who pass KYC will be able to transfer their Phone balance to the blockchain. Our objective is to have as many true Pioneers as possible pass KYC. As explained further below, the rolling six-month window serves the following important purposes:

  • strike a balance between giving Pioneers adequate time to pass KYC and creating enough urgency to pass KYC,
  • prevent unverified Pi beyond the rolling six-month KYC grace period from migrating to the Mainnet, instead freeing it up for mining by other KYC’ed Pioneers within the allocated Pi overall supply limit for Pioneer mining, and
  • limit KYC spam and abuse (see 30-day delay in KYCing new members below)

If Pioneers do not pass KYC in time, it delays the Mainnet transfer of their balances and the balances of other Pioneers who have them on their Security Circles and Referral Teams. Without balances on the Mainnet, Pioneers are not able to use payments in Pi apps, thereby undermining the growth of our utility-based ecosystem. A six-month window creates a sense of urgency for Pioneers while giving them adequate time to retrieve their mined Pi. The KYC verification process will generally take into account Pioneers’ likelihood of being real human beings based on Pi’s machine-automated prediction mechanisms run over the last three years. Newly created accounts will not be able to immediately apply for KYC verification, until after 30 days. This helps the network limit the ability of bots and fake accounts to spam and abuse our KYC process and prioritize KYC validation resources for real human Pioneers.

Finally, the lost Pi of the Pioneers who delay KYC verification beyond six months will not be transferred to the Mainnet and will not be accounted for in the calculation of the systemwide base mining rate (B) beyond the rolling six-month KYC grace period. Pioneers will, therefore, need to claim their Pi in time, or their lost Pi will be reallocated to B for mining in the same year by other verified Pioneers who can make full contributions to the network.


Nexşeya rê

Pi Network is unique in our technological and ecosystem design as well as the significance of our community input in development. This uniqueness is best served by a thoughtful and iterative approach that allows for community feedback, testing of products, features, and user experience, and phases defined by milestones. There are three main phases to our development: (1) Beta, (2) Testnet, and (3) Mainnet.


Qonaxa 1: Beta

In December 2018, we publicly launched our mobile app on the iOS App store as an alpha prototype that onboarded the initial Pioneers. On Pi Day, March 14, 2019, the original Pi whitepaper was published, marking the official launch of the Pi Network. At this stage, our app allowed Pioneers to mine Pi by contributing to the growth and security of the future Pi blockchain. As the eventual goal was to launch the Mainnet and build an ecosystem around the Pi platform, the Pi app running on the centralized Pi server enabled mobile phone users (Pioneers) to contribute their security circles that, in aggregate, built the trust graph required by the consensus algorithm of the Pi Blockchain, and in return, the Pioneers received mining rewards. Furthermore, the centralized phase allowed the network to grow, the community to form, and the Pi token to be accessible and widely distributed. This phase also allowed for the iteration of many technical features and Pioneer experience by leveraging community input throughout the development process.

The following major accomplishments were made during the Beta phase:

  • The Pi Network mobile app was listed and accessible through the iOS App Store and Google Playstore.
  • Pi Network grew from 0 to over 3.5 million engaged Pioneers.
  • The Pi Network community actively engaged with the project through the app home screen interactions and chat app.
  • Pi Network reached 233 countries and regions around the world.

Qonaxa 2: Testnet

This phase started on March 14, 2020, marking another critical preparation to the transition to a decentralized blockchain—a live Testnet with distributed Nodes from all over the world. Pi Network’s Node software enabled individual computers to support running the Pi Testnet using Test-Pi coin. Test-Pi was available only for the purpose of testing and has no relation to Pioneers’ account balances on the Pi app. The Pi Testnet has reached over 10,000 fully functional community Nodes and over 100,000 daily active Nodes on the waiting list, and as explained in a later section, will continue to exist for testing purposes in the Mainnet phase.

Pi Testnet allows for the testing of connectivity, performance, security, and scalability of the blockchain, and allows Pi apps developers to develop the Pi apps before they can deploy their app on the Mainnet. During the Testnet phase, 3 major strategies were adopted: (1) decentralization through Testnet Nodes, (2) growth through the main Pi app for mobile mining, and (3) utility creation through the Pi apps platform on the Pi Browser. The Testnet ran in parallel with the Pi mobile mining app from Phase 1 and enabled decentralized community Nodes to get online and ready for the Mainnet. Specifically, the Testnet Nodes helped with the assessment of the blockchain’s performance, security, and scalability. It also helped Pi App developers test their apps against the Pi Blockchain. At the same time, the Pi mobile mining app continued to onboard millions of Pioneers, building the community and contributing to the security of the blockchain. The Pi Browser, along with the Pi SDK, enabled the community to create utilities and develop the Pi ecosystem.

The following major accomplishments were made during the Testnet phase:

  • Many versions of the Node software were released.
  • The Pi Platform was released along with key ingredients of our ecosystem infrastructure: Wallet, Browser, Brainstorm and developer tools.
  • Pilot version of the KYC app was introduced on the Pi Browser.
  • The project ran its first ever worldwide online Hackathon with thousands of participants from within the Pioneer Community.
  • Pi Network grew to over 30 million engaged Pioneers, and from 0 to over 10,000 fully functional community Nodes and over 100,000 daily active Nodes on the waiting list.
  • Pi Network reached almost all countries and regions in the world.

Qonaxa 3: Mainnet

In December 2021, the Mainnet of the Pi blockchain will go live. The migration of Pioneer balances from their phone account to the Mainnet starts during this period. KYC authentication of a Pioneer precedes their balance migration to the Mainnet. In order to allow for sufficient time for millions of Pioneers to successfully complete their KYC verification, create utilities in the Pi ecosystem, and continue to iterate on our technology and ecosystem design, the Mainnet will have two periods:

  1. at first, firewalled Mainnet (i.e., the Enclosed Network),
  2. and then, open Mainnet (i.e., the Open Network).

The Enclosed Network Period

This period will begin in December 2021. The Enclosed Network period means that the Mainnet is live but with a firewall that prevents any unwanted external connectivity. Pioneers will be able to take time to KYC and migrate their Pi to the live Mainnet blockchain. Any balance migrated to the Mainnet can be used, by the choice of the Pioneer, to purchase goods and services in Pi apps, transfer to other Pioneers, or get locked up for a duration of time for a higher mining rate. KYC’ed Pioneers will be able to use their Pi on the Mainnet freely in an enclosed environment within Pi Network. However, this period will not allow connectivity between the Pi blockchain and other blockchains.

Advantages of the Two-Period Approach to Mainnet

There are multiple advantages to having an intermediate enclosed period to ramp up to the fully open Mainnet. This approach allows time for:

  • millions of Pioneers worldwide to pass KYC,
  • building and deploying more Pi Apps and allowing more utilities to be created and used,
  • transitioning Pi Apps deployed on the Testnet to the Mainnet, and
  • iterating on any modifications and adjustments to the Mainnet and the ecosystem before the Open Network.

The Enclosed Network period allows time for millions of Pioneers to KYC and migrate their Pi to the Mainnet. Only a small fraction of Pioneers have been able to complete their KYC around the launch of the Mainnet. Over the coming months, we will continue to roll out the KYC solution to more Pioneers and help them complete their KYC. If we moved directly from Testnet to Open Network, this would mean that the Pioneers who were able to KYC before others would have Pi available for use outside of the Pi platform while the Pioneers still waiting to complete their KYC would not yet have this privilege. The speed at which Pioneers all over the world are able to complete their KYC will depend on the speed at which each local community provides the KYC validator crowd work force as well as the speed at which individual Pioneers participate in the KYC.

Having the Enclosed Network period gives time for millions of Pioneers to complete their KYC and transfer their Pi to the Mainnet. This way, all the Pioneers who are willing and able to complete their KYC in a reasonable period of time get to use their Pi outside of the Pi platform at once. Given that external connectivity between the Pi Blockchain and other blockchains or systems is not allowed during the Enclosed Network period, this further helps Pioneers focus on transitioning into Mainnet without any influences external to the Pi Blockchain.

This period will also help the community focus on creating utilities and bootstrapping the ecosystem without any external distractions. Consistent with the vision of the Pi network to enable a utility-based ecosystem, this allows apps to deploy on Mainnet and create utilities for Pioneers. Pi apps will be able to switch from Testnet to Mainnet—to production mode for real Pi transactions. At this time, KYC’ed Pioneers will be able to spend their Pi on Pi apps, boosting utilities creation and bootstrapping the Pi ecosystem before the Open Network. This gradual and deliberate ramp to Open Network will help the apps, as well as the Pi Network, to uncover and resolve any glitches in the market and the technology. Thus, the Enclosed Network period is in line with Pi’s vision of a utility-based ecosystem and its iterative philosophy.

Moreover, the Enclosed Network will allow the Mainnet to run with production data and real Pi, which differs from Testnet. Data gathered during the Enclosed Network will help calibrate and tweak any configurations and formulae, if necessary, to ensure a stable and successful Open Network.

KYC Verification and Mainnet Balance Transfer

“Know Your Customer/Client” (KYC) is a process that verifies identification to distinguish genuine accounts from fake ones. The vision of Pi Network is to build an inclusive and the most widely distributed token and ecosystem for all Pioneers. The mining mechanism of Pi Network is social network-based, and the mining rate has halved 5 times so far as the social network size grew to over 1K, 10K, 100K, 1M, and 10M engaged members. Therefore, Pi has a strict policy of one account per person. This requires a high degree of accuracy to establish that members in the network are genuine human beings, preventing individuals from being able to unfairly hoard Pi by creating fake accounts. Pioneers’ KYC results will depend on not only identity verification, but also their name matching with the Pi account and screening against government sanction list. KYC, thus, helps ensure the true humanness of the network and compliance with the Anti-Money Laundering (AML) and anti-terrorism regulations.

As communicated at the founding of the network, to ensure true humanness, fake Pi accounts and scripted mining are strictly prohibited. These accounts will be disabled, and will not be able to migrate to Mainnet. Over the past three years, multiple technical mechanisms have been implemented to identify bots and fake accounts. For the accounts identified as highly likely to be fake by Pi’s algorithm, the weight is on these accounts to prove otherwise. These identified fake accounts will either be disabled or go through a much more rigorous review and appeal process. The allocation of KYC slots will be prioritized for accounts with a high likelihood of being true human holders.

Only the accounts with verified identities will be allowed to transition to Mainnet, and only the Pi balances attributable to identity-verified accounts will be allowed to transfer to the Mainnet balance. When a Pioneer and their referral team and security circle members pass the KYC determines if and when, and to what extent, a Pioneer can transfer their balances. Below is a hypothetical example to illustrate how the KYC verification of Pioneers affects their balances in migration to the Mainnet.

For simplicity, we define different concepts of Pi balances as follows:

  • Mobile Balance: The Pi balance currently shown in a Pioneer’s account in the Pi mobile app
  • Transferable Balance: The balance that has been allowed to be transferred to the Mainnet because the Pioneer and their specific associated individuals in the referral teams and security circles have passed KYC
  • Mainnet balance: The balance that has been migrated and transferred by the Pioneer to the Mainnet

Suppose individual YEK is the owner of a Pi account who wants to transfer their Mobile Balance. Pioneer A will only be allowed to transfer any of the Mobile Balance to the Mainnet when their identity is verified, i.e., when they pass the KYC. Let’s say this individual has Individuals B, C, D, and E on their referral team and Individuals D, E, F, and G in their security circle. So far, only individuals A, B, D, ûF have completed their KYC verification.

In this example setup:

  • YEK is a mining Pioneer who has passed KYC.
  • B, C, D, E are in the Referral Team of A.
  • D, E, F, G are in the Security Circle of A.
  • A, B, D, ûF have passed KYC.

Here, A’s Transferable Balance is the sum of the following three components:

  • Pioneer Rewards: Pi mined based on A’s Pioneer status across all mining sessions
  • Contributor Rewards: D and F’s contribution to A’s mining rate as Contributors in all mining sessions
  • Ambassador Rewards: Mining bonuses from all mining sessions when B and D as referral team members mined during the same session as A mined

As more of Pioneer A’s referral team and security circle members (i.e., C, E, and G) pass KYC, more portions of A’s Mobile Balance will become Transferable Balance—ready for A to migrate to the Mainnet, and ultimately become A’s Mainnet Balance.

During the Enclosed Mainnet period, any Mobile Balance that has not become Transferable Balance will remain in the Mobile mining app until the associated Pioneers in the referral team and security circles pass KYC and the corresponding amount becomes transferable to Mainnet. In the case of the above example of Pioneer A, the balance contribution by C, E, and G will remain as Mobile Balance for A in the mining app waiting for them to pass KYC in order for such balance to become transferable. If such associated accounts never pass KYC, the balance attributed to these non-KYC’ed accounts will expire at a certain date which will have allowed enough time for the whole network to KYC. The unclaimed balances due to lack of KYC will be discarded by not being transferred to the Mainnet at all, instead freeing it up for mining by other KYC’ed Pioneers within the allocated Pi overall supply limit for Pioneer mining as explained in the Pi Supply section.

Restrictions in the Enclosed Network

While transactions between Pi apps and Pioneers and Pioneer-to-Pioneer transactions are allowed within Pi Network, the Enclosed Network will have in place the restrictions as listed below. These restrictions at this stage help enforce the enclosed nature of the network:

  • There will be no connectivity between Pi and other blockchains or crypto exchanges.
  • Mainnet can only be accessed through the Pi Wallet and Pi apps on the Pi Browser.
  • The Mainnet blockchain will be accessible to any computer on the internet but only through a firewall to enforce the above rules.
  • There will only be Core Team Nodes on the Mainnet to ensure that the firewall is in place at all times.

The Enclosed Network will support the economic activities and growth of the Pi ecosystem. Thus, Pioneer-to-Pioneer transactions are possible through the Pi Wallet as KYC’ed Pioneers will be able to use the Pi Wallet to transact in Pi. Pioneers can also spend Pi in Pi apps on the Pi Browser, which can access the Mainnet through the Pi Apps SDK and the Pi Blockchain API. During the Enclosed Network period, an app on the Pi Browser can only use the Pi blockchain APIs whitelisted by the firewall to interact with the Mainnet.

The following uses of Pioneer-to-Pioneer, Pioneer-to-App, and App-to-Pioneer transactions will be allowed:

  • Exchange of Pi for goods and services through Pi Apps
  • Transfer of Pi between Pioneers for goods and services

The following uses will be prohibited:

  • Exchange of Pi for fiat currency
  • Exchange of Pi for other cryptocurrencies
  • Transfer for Pi for a future promise of fiat or other cryptocurrencies

We will enforce the above restrictions by adding a firewall to the Mainnet and by exclusively running the Mainnet Nodes for this interim period. Community Nodes will continue to run on the Testnet in the Enclosed Network period. We will continue to implement interface and other changes to the Nodes in preparation for the Open Network period where the Community Nodes will be able to run on the Mainnet. The restrictions of the Network to keep it enclosed will be relaxed as it reaches the next period—Open Network.

The Open Network Period

Depending on the maturity of the Enclosed Network economy and the progress of the KYC, this period may begin on Pi Day (March 14, 2022), Pi2 Day (June 28, 2022), or later. The Open Network period means that the firewall in the Enclosed Network period will be removed, allowing any external connectivity, e.g., to other networks, wallets, and anyone who wants to connect to Pi Mainnet. API calls will not be firewalled, and Pioneers will be able to run their own Pi Nodes and API services. Pioneers will have connectivity with other blockchains. Community Nodes can also run the Mainnet.


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